Charles E. Burchfield (1893-1967), Night Scene, 1935; Transparent and opaque watercolor, pastel, and charcoal on paper, 16 7/8 × 26 7/8 inches; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Gift of Charles Simon
Philip Koch on the Relationship between Burchfield and Hopper
Thursday, January 9, 2014
On the surface the paintings of Charles Burchfield and Edward Hopper look very different. I feel they were both chewing on the same bone, but from opposite ends. Much of what I do as a painter myself owes a debt to the lessons I've gleaned from studying their work.
Burchfield's often over-the-top exuberance is always tempered in each painting by a conscious pulling back. He loved laying down networks of patterned strokes, but he knew just when to stop.
His watercolor below bustles with energy. The three building couldn't look more different. To that he adds conflicting patterns in rippling water, spindly tree branches, and powerlines. Yet how careful he is to include quiet and empty passages in the water and sky.
Without these quieter places where we can rest our eye we would find his paintings overwhelmingly active and would turn away. Who wants to exhaust oneself?
Hopper's more pared down world would be sparse indeed had he not known to throw in a few spots of unexpected complexity. They surprise and delight the eye.
Hopper's early oil Summer Interior happens in a notably empty setting. Yet your eye is caught and held by a few strategically places details like the keyhole cut out in his bed board or the stripes on just part of the blanket.
Often Hopper's work is described as melancholy. It's true that there are paintings that have an emotional heaviness. But for each one of those there are two that dazzle us with some of the most brilliant direct sunlight anyone has ever achieved in oil. Look at the light and air in this one- who wouldn't want to walk into that room?
While Burchfield is often dazzlingly felicitous he's no stranger to imagery that takes a darker turn.
Both these artists to me capture the full range of our emotional lives, from depressive gloom, to sudden intrigue, to heart-stopping delight. Knowing their work gives us clues to find some equivalents out in the world of what we are experiencing in our inner lives. In a way I believe they make us feel less alone.
Read Philip's illustrated blog at http://philipkochpaintings.blogspot.com/2014/01/unlikely-friends-hopper-burchfield.html